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证据整合(Evidence Synthesis)

针对某一特定“主题”,在全面知识背景下,汇集及分析所有可用研究,并对其进行综合评估解释的一种工具方法;其通过严格而透明的方法体系,形成重要而关键的证据基础,从而解决争议,支持政策与实践决策。

SRS证据整合研发负责人齐方2021年4月译于Evidence Synthesis International关于Evidence Synthesis的阐述 (https://evidencesynthesis.org/what-is-evidence-synthesis/)

Evidence Synthesis International

“Evidence synthesis is the interpretation of individual studies within the context of global knowledge for a given topic. These syntheses provide a rigorous and transparent knowledge base for translating research in decisions. As such, evidence syntheses can be thought of as the basic unit of knowledge used in tools such a policy brief or clinical practice guideline. In other words, evidence syntheses are the “evidence-base” in evidence-based policy, or evidence-based medicine etc. Essential to all evidence syntheses is the use of explicit and transparent methodology in the formation of the questions they address. The transparent methodology encompasses how studies are identified, selected, appraised, analyzed, and the strength of the evidence assessed to answer the questioned posed.”

https://evidencesynthesis.org/what-is-evidence-synthesis/

The Royal Society

“‘Evidence synthesis’ refers to the process of bringing together information from a range of sources and disciplines to inform debates and decisions on specific issues. Decision-making and public debate are best served if policymakers have access to the best current evidence on an issue. An accurate, concise and unbiased synthesis of the evidence is therefore one of the most valuable contributions the research community can offer policymakers.”

https://royalsociety.org/topics-policy/projects/evidence-synthesis/

Cochrane

“Evidence synthesis, also sometimes called “systematic reviews”, is a way of combining information from multiple studies that have investigated the same thing, to come to an overall understanding of what they found. This helps determine how effective a certain treatment or drug is, or how people have experienced a particular health condition or treatment.”

https://www.cochrane.org/news/evidence-synthesis-what-it-and-why-do-we-need-it

发布时间:2022-10-14 10:56:09.0点击次数:174次

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